Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the tissues and bone that support the teeth.
Periodontal diseases range from gum inflammation to more serious issues that cause major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. As the disease progresses the teeth may fall out or need to be removed.
Periodontal disease has been linked to heart disease and stroke. Diabetics are frequently associated with various gum conditions.
CAUSES: A sticky film called plaque contains bacteria that produce toxins. If teeth are not cleaned well, the toxins can irritate tissues and inflame gums. Once the gums are inflamed, they pull away from the teeth and leave a space called a pocket. The bacteria now have a home. If the plaque is not removed it will harden (tarter) and have to be removed professionally.
TREATMENT: Periodontal treatment methods depend on the severity of the disease. If the disease is caught early, you may simply require a professional cleaning. Specialized cleaning or periodontal surgery may have to be done if the disease has progressed.